“For to connect is to affirm, and to affirm, to connect.”
/John Rajchman, The Deleuze Connections, The MIT Press/
Myconnect is an interspecies connector that emerged as an aspiration to enable human beings to transgress their own species and connect with them on perceptive and physiological level. By entering the installation one is in becoming with the otherness, another multiplicity i.e. the fungal mycelium.
In the Myconnect capsule nervous system of a person is integrated into human-interface-mycelium feedback loop via heartbeat. Mycelium’s oscillations are produced by electrical resistance and correspond to the incoming heartbeat in a temporal offset. The hybrid sensation of electric resistance and pulse is then transferred back to the human body via sound, light and tactile sensory impulses. Transferred sensory experience indicates the notion of the dependence of perceivable reality on the sensory impulses in the environment. Such symbiotic link points out to the integration of human being in the multichannel network of his or her or its habitat.
Myconnect is a symbiotic interspecies connector that questions anthropocentric division of nature-human-technology. With its circuit of signals and impulses, that are generated and translated by biological and technological organisms, Myconnect performs an immersive experience of symbiotic interdependence. Through this experience distinction between nature-man-technology can be seen as an arbitrary definition that serves particular biopolitical interests in human society, which can than be shamelessly wrapped in an ideology of utilitarianism and may conceal excessive exploitation.
Myconnect creates an experience of connectedness, of unqualified immersion through the sensory system of the body. The experience of symbiosis in Myconnect capsule is somewhat isolated, like microbiological cultures are isolated in a laboratory. In Myconnect symbiosis is purposefully separated from the environment in order to make it visible, audible and haptic for the visitor.
Myconnect is a neural connection, a sort of ‘tsaheylu’ from the sci-fi film Avatar. Tsaheylu means in Na’vi language a bond, a neural connection of two beings on Pandora planet formed via their neural queues. Na’vi connect to animals or plants that possess a neural whip or antenna. Neural connection can be formed also between two Na’vis during mating supposedly forming a strong, emotional, lifelong bond. Tsaheylu enables Na’vi deeper understanding of their environment since any emotion or pain is felt on both sides of the neural queues. Na’vi extend and transgress their body. They are becoming the environment thus blurring the body-environment division.
Fungal mycelium seemed to be a perfect organism to form an interspecies connector for multiple reasons. Mycelium as the vegetative part of fungus consists of a mass of branching, thread-like hyphae, a network structure that may be minute, forming a colony that is too small to see, or it may be extremely extensive.
According to research of mycelium overgrowth, it is supposed to be the largest organism in the world. “[A] 2,400-acre (9.7 km2) site in eastern Oregon had a contiguous growth of mycelium before logging roads cut through it. Estimated at 1,665 football fields in size and 2,200 years old, this one fungus has killed the forest above it several times over, and in so doing has built deeper soil layers that allow the growth of ever-larger stands of trees. Mushroom-forming forest fungi are unique in that their mycelial mats can achieve such massive proportions.” (Stamets, 2005: 45)
Thus, mycelium as such vast almost planetary organism seems as a perfect network to get plugged into and experience oscillations of the electrical current that flows through it. During our research we discovered that electric resistance of the mycelium is the perfect quality that we can use for real-time purposes. Continuous oscillations of resistance in the mycelium can be experienced also in spacetime of our own species.
Mycelium has multivalent connections through branching and nodal connections allowing for material to pass around it in all directions. As an interconnected network, it is able to accommodate ‘flows’ principally of water and nutrients, in all and any direction around its structure. This kind of symbiotic connection is already a part of mycelium’s becoming in the Earth’s ecosystem. It forms symbiotic association between the fungus and the root of vascular plant, named mycorrhiza. In other words, a biological interspecies connector, a mutual association that provides the fungus with relatively constant and direct access to carbohydrates, such as glucose and sucrose, is already a part of its nature. The carbohydrates are translocated from their source, usually from leaves to root tissue and on to the plant’s fungal partners. In return, the plant gains the benefits of the mycelium’s higher absorptive capacity of water and mineral nutrients due to the comparatively large surface area of mycelium: root ratio thus improves the plant’s mineral absorption capabilities. Mycelial fungi combined with their versatility, requirements for growth, and reproduction increase the probability of interactions; they become more frequent and more obviously manifested.
Gilles Deleuze proposes the fungal mycelium, with its network of hyphae and fruiting bodies as a metaphor for the metaphorical space of rhizome inhabited by meaning. The ‘flows’ of mycelium are precisely what is required in metaphorical space of rhizome in order to facilitate the becomings, connections, affects and meaning. Todd May elaborates by saying that concepts do not stand alone and isolated, they link up with other concepts, coexists with them on a plane of immanence that allows different concepts to resonate together in a multitude of ways, creating meaning, creating context, mapping a rhizome (May, 2005: 19). In the same way the body of human being does not stand alone in the environment, it is rather plugged into the environment and it’s existence is generated by connections that affirms them. By making new connections with other biological species and environment one might step out of anthropocentric perspective even if for just one moment to experience fresh air of other possibilities.
May, T. (2005). Gilles Deleuze: an introduction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Rajchman, J. (2000). The Deleuze Connections. Cambridge: The MIT Press.
Stamets, P. (2005), Mycelium Running. Ten Speed Press.
Photos of Myconnect by Damjan Švarc / Kapelica gallery photo archive.
Honorary Mention at Ars Electronica Prix 2015
_Prix Ars Electronica 2015: CyberArts Exhibition, Linz, Austria [sept. 2015]
_Cynetart 2014, Dresden, Germany [nov. 2014]
Past solo exhibitions
_Drugo more, Rijeka, Croatia [march 2014]
_Močvara gallery, photodocumentation, Zagreb, Croatia [oct. 2014]
_Galerija Kapelica, Ljubljana, Slovenia [nov. 2013 – feb. 2014]